Talent management is gaining recognition as an organisational concern which has been under-explored in academic research and literature. Perhaps the difficulty in conceptualising talent management academically is because talent management potentially encompasses several different organisational behaviour and human resource management concepts and practices, which render an unpacking of talent management complex. Does talent management focus on all HRM practices or just on performance management/employee development? Is talent management for all employees or just for the ‘A’ players? These are just some questions which set the foundations for a current piece of research I am working on in collaboration with Dr Mary Collins ( Senior Executive Development Specialist, Royal College of Surgeons Ireland, Institute of Leadership).